Turkey is a country rich in historical sights that are difficult to enlist. It is full of places of great interest to tourists. The capital of Turkey stretches in the middle of the steppes of Central Anatolia. This city is very different from its predecessor, the Turkish city of Angora, which used to be in this place and was famous for the long-haired breed of sheep from which clothing is knit. In 1920 Ataturk placed his interim government here, and the main occupation of the city was to maintain the government and everything connected with it.

Most visitors begin their city tour from Hisar, a Byzantine fortress on the hill to the east of the old town and the nearby Museum of Anatolian Civilization. Traveling a few miles to the south, one will find the mausoleum of Ataturk, a monumental building, which represents the architecture of different periods of Anatolian history. The presidential mansion has been preserved in an excellent form. A huge number of monuments of ancient history and architecture are also present here. Roman Ankara was a city of very great importance, and the Roman ruins are scattered among the mosques and monuments of Muslim Anatolia.

Istanbul is the ancient glorious city, a major port, the economic and industrial heart of the country. It is the world's only city located on two continents. The city was founded around 660 BC as Byzantium, then it became Constantinople, and in 1453 the city was captured by the Turks and was renamed Istanbul. The Byzantine period is represented by the remains of the imperial palaces, the Aqueduct of Valens, the ruins of the powerful city walls, underground tanks and places of worship, most of which are converted into mosques. Hagia Sophia is a symbolic place for the followers of the Christian faith, the largest Christian church of its time. In the Middle Ages, Saint Sophia was expanded, some minarets were added, and it was turned into a mosque. The sights of the Cathedral include the copper-plated 'weeping pillar' where many tourists make a wish, and the 'cold box' where from a cool breeze blows even on hot days.

The city's Blue Mosque of Sultan Ahmet is the most famous mosque of Istanbul, the world's only mosque with six minarets. Topkapi is the Sultan's Palace, a complex of residential and administrative buildings where the tourists enjoy the exposition of sultan's treasury and personal items, the thrones, a collection of ceremonial robes, jeweled weapons, and the mummified hand of the prophet Muhammad. The bridge over the Bosphorus, which connects the European and Asian shores of Turkey, is the fourth longest bridge in the world. The Great Istanbul Bazaar is the largest market in the world with about 5000 stores and shops, where you can buy everything. Rumeli Hisar is the castle of the 15th century located on the banks of the Bosphorus. The Turks erected it to block the besieged city. The Archaeological Museum of Istanbul has the richest collection of ancient and classical artifacts.

The Dalaman River History and Nature Reserve is famous as the habitat of the unique river and sea turtles, the center of mud therapy. Kekova is a picturesque bay with a half-submerged city of the Byzantine era. Side is the Roman city, the 'pirate republic' of antiquity. Kusadasi is a tourist town on the shore of the bay, in the midst of which there stands a medieval castle, which has become a great restaurant today. Pamukkale is a unique historical and natural reserve, famous for its hot mineral springs, cliffs and salt caverns.

The ruins of Troy include the partially preserved sloping rack entrance of Troy, the city wall, the wall of the Roman period, the Acropolis, which served both to protect the city and to protect the tank with water reserves, and the temple of Athena.


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