The northern part of present-day Sudan is known since ancient times as Nubia, which existed during the Old Kingdom of ancient Egypt. The region between Nubian Desert and the Nile has a high concentration of monuments of ancient Egypt, under whose rule Nubia had been before the 8th century BC. Also, the country is full of historical monuments of other eras, often no less interesting, but most of them are practically inaccessible or unexplored.
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Khartoum, Sudan's capital, was founded by the British in the 19th century. Khartoum has a relatively short history. At first, it was a military outpost, and then Khartoum grew rapidly and flourished in the period of slave trade. In 1834 it became the capital of Sudan, and many researchers from Europe used it as a starting point for their African expeditions. Nowadays it is the richest and largest of the modern-day Sudanese cities and the second largest city of Muslim North Africa. But in addition to the colonial city center, there are few sights that are worth seeing.

Today's Khartoum is a calm unremarkable city with peaceful, tree-lined streets. Somehow it still has the unmistakable look of the center of the colonial British Empire. The parliament building and the Palace of the Republic, the National Museum, the Museum of Natural History, and the Museum of Ethnography are perhaps the most well-known attractions of the city. Khartoum University Library is renowned for its African and Sudanese collections. The main collection of historical documents is housed in the National Office of Records. The Sudan National Museum has a wonderful collection of artefacts dating back to many epochs and civilizations. Here one will find glass and pottery, sculpture and statues of the ancient kingdom. The Christian period of ancient Nubia is represented by the frescoes from ruined churches. The Museum Garden contains two reconstructed temples, which were brought from Nubia. Even though, the Khartoum Ethnographic Museum is relatively small, it contains an interesting collection of items relating to Sudanese village life: musical instruments, clothing, and utensils. Enjoy a tour around Khartoum museums prepared by one of trusted Sudan tour operators.

The most charming views in Khartoum can be seen on the Blue Nile, where the Al Mogran Memorial Park is located. Jebel Aulia Dam is a good place to observe the flocks of birds, to go fishing, to have a picnic and monitor the daily lives of the Sudanese people. It is interesting to visit Sabaloka Gorge with its picturesque cliffs and turbulent jets of water sandwiched between the two great rivers. This is probably the only canyon in the country, which does not dry up in the local hot climate.

Omdurman is a huge African city with a population of about one million people. Omdurman is one of the oldest cities in the country and the kind of 'gateway to the rural Sudan.' Omdurman market is considered one of the best in the country. One of the main attractions is the tomb of the Mahdi, the respected ruler of the country. The great architecture of the mausoleum has made it the most photographed building in Sudan. Another attraction is Belt Al-Khalifa, a museum which contains various relics of the country’s history, including weapons, military flags and costumes.

The city of Meroe lies on the eastern bank of the Nile. Here are the ruins of many ancient pyramids. El-Obeid is the ancient city where one can see the largest in North Africa Catholic Cathedral and numerous mosques. Dongola is the city of palm gardens, tasty fruits, and the ruins of the temple of Kava. Port Sudan is the second largest city in Sudan and a major seaport. The nearby resort of Arus is a good place for snorkelling and diving, however, there is completely no recreational infrastructure.

Visit the list of Sudan travel agents collected by Tripcook Travel Directory to request a free tour quote or specific services such as flights or hotel reservations.