The rich and long history of Egypt has left a huge number of world famous attractions.

Cairo is the capital of the country and the oldest city in Africa that can boast having a myriad of monuments of the Middle Ages. Here one can go to the Valley of the Kings to see the mysterious tombs of the pharaohs that protect the mummies. The Pyramids are Egypt's business card, there are more than a hundred of them here. At the time of the Pharaohs, pyramids served as a complex of huge temple buildings, richly decorated with statues, obelisks, sphinxes, reliefs and wall paintings.

The ensemble of the great pyramids of Giza consists of the three highest pyramids in Egypt. The most important and famous of them is the Pyramid of Cheops. The second largest pyramid is Khafre, and Menkaure Pyramid completes the ensemble. Next to them, there is a complex of several small pyramids, where the wives of pharaohs, the priests and high officials were buried. Great Sphinx is carved, like most colossal statues of Giza, from solid rock. Every evening, there is a special light and colorful performance called 'Sound and Light' at the foot of the pyramids.

The Egyptian Museum is the main global repository of Egyptian antiquities, probably the world's only art-historical collection, where even the youngest of the exhibits are about two thousand years old.

And when you are bored with gloomy corridors of ancient tombs, you can always go to radiant Alexandria, which keeps the memory about Alexander the Great and Cleopatra. Time and culture are interwoven here, preserving the remains of one of the 'Wonders of the World' - the Bibliotheca Alexandrina. Tourists will also see the Colossus Ptolemaic and the Roman theater, Catacombs of Kom el-Shugafa and the 25-meter column of Pompey, surrounded by statues of sphinxes.

Having made a cruise on the Nile, you can admire the fabulous palaces and temples of Luxor, formerly known as the city of Thebes, and praised by Homer. In Aswan one can enjoy an incomparable spirit of Africa, created by the collision of the great waters of the Nile and the hot sands of the Sahara.

On the verge of the Libyan desert, there are two grand temples carved into the rock. They were built to commemorate Ramses II and his wife Nefertari. Twice a year, in October and February, the temples become the place for the holiday of 'The Miracle of the Sun' when the solar disk alternately illuminates the giant statues of gods and kings.

From Sharm El Sheikh one can make a trip along the Gulf of Suez in the Bedouin land, Sinai. One of the local plateaus here hosts the 4,000 year-old temple of the goddess Hathor. The pearl of Sinai, Feyran Oasis, stretches here with its rustling leaves of thousands of palms. There is also the Christian monastery of the Seven nuns. It was at Sinai that Moses received the divine tablets. Returning to Sharm el Sheikh, you will have the opportunity to swim in the gentle waters of the Red Sea and enjoy one of the world's most beautiful underwater worlds.

If you want peace and harmony with nature, it is worth going to Taba, offering excellent untouched pristine lagoons and coral reefs. Due to its unique location on the Sinai Peninsula, Taba offers a wonderful panorama view of three countries - Israel, Jordan and Saudi Arabia. They can always be visited with guided tours. On the coast, one can find a small island of the Pharaohs, where a medieval fortress rises.

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